Most apartments here have a hob in the kitchen, so even if they are unfurnished you won't have to buy a cooker. However, quite a few do not have an oven and it's quite common to buy one that is just about the size of a microwave oven and sits on the worktop. They are pretty cheap if you need to buy one.
Many unfurnished apartments have built-in wardrobes in the bedrooms, as that's the way they were sold to start with.
A partially furnished apartment comes with air-con units, white goods (fridge and washing machine plus sometimes a tumble dryer) and usuallly curtains.
You can negotiate. If you see an apartment you like, you can tell them that you'd like curtains and a fridge and things like that and just see what they say.
Ours came with old curtains from the previous tenants which we said were OK at the time and they laundered them for us before we moved in, but then they started to look really shabby after a few years and when we renegotiated after our 2 years, the landlord agreed to let us get new curtains made.
They can be fairly flexible with what you want in the place. Give it a try when you get here and go apartment hunting and see what they say.